A.K. Warder put it succintly enough in 1963 in the preface to his Introduction to Pali, arguably still the most useful Pali primer available in English today:

The study of early Buddhism will always be the objective of the majority of those who take up Pali, though in addition to the interest of the language itself we must stress the importance of the texts for the study of the history of Indian literature, especially secular literature.

Buddhism has been the subject of the most varied fantasies in the West. The few reliable guides are overlooked in the mass of claptrap, humbug, and pure fiction. Inevitably serious work is less readable than journalistic antithesis and exoticism. Moreover in the field of early Buddhism and Pali studies, at least, even the most serious scholars have remained obstinately various in their interpretations. It must still be said that the Pali texts themselves are the only reliable authority as to their meaning. The further advance of these studies depends on the deeper analysis of these texts. Rather than add another volume to the bewildering mass of books on "Buddhism", it seems more constructive to open a door directly on the Pali.

Today, an equally bewildering mass of websites, videos, apps and other online resources on "Buddhism" can be added to the books, so Warder's original rationale is more valid now than ever. Palibhasa.com aims to promote a wider understanding of the Pali language and its historical and cultural context, and through that perhaps, of what Siddharta Gotama actually taught.


This website collects links to the best Pali language resources currently available on the internet, which are unfortunately all too few.

To the existing resources are added original learning materials which will hopefully be useful to Pali language learners. These materials are mostly grammatical analyses of short canonical texts, along with some material on the various Pali scripts.

This site is maintained by a Pali language learner, not a Pali language scholar. Despite all efforts to the contrary, materials presented here are not guaranteed to be 100% fault free.

If you detect any issues with the materials here please let us so they can be corrected.

Contributions or collaborations are welcome. If interested, please introduce yourself using the contact form below.


Other things which seem like a good idea but may or may not ever see the light of day here include:

  • Multi-lingual, multi-script learner-oriented Pali dictionary
  • A teaching-oriented functional grammar of Pali
  • A Pali language course

All original content on this website (mainly under Resources) is copyright and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

You are free to modify and share these works as long as they are:

  • attributed to the original author
  • shared under the same license as the original work
  • not used for commercial purposes

All other content (mainly linked to under Library) is owned by its respective authors.


Existing Pali resources external to this website


The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
T.W. Rhys Davids and W. Stede
Online, PDF, EPUB and other formats

The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
T.W. Rhys Davids and W. Stede
Web version

A Dictionary of the Pali Language
R.C. Childers
Online, PDF, EPUB and other formats

The Student's Pali-English Dictionary
U Phe Mon Tan
Online, PDF, EPUB and other formats


Introduction to Pali
A.K. Warder
3rd edition

Mazard's Version of Mason's Pali Grammar
Francis Mason/Eisel Mazard
Something new/old!

Pali Primer
Dr. Lily De Silva
Revised version by Eisel Mazard

An Elementary Pali Course
Narada Thera
Revised version by Eisel Mazard

A Practical Grammar of the Pāli Language
Charles Duroiselle
Revised version by Eisel Mazard


The Pali Canon
The complete Pali Canon in multiple scripts at Tipitaka.org

Sutta Central
The Pali Canon in Roman script with translations, along with partial parallel versions in Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit and other languages.


Original Pali resources published on this website


Roman Script
Pali in the Roman script.

Sinhala Script
Pali in the Sinhala script.

Script Tables






Introduction to the Mahāsatipaṭṭhāna Sutta.

The Five Precepts

Dhammapada 277-279

The source of the expression 'Against The Stream' in the Ariyapariyesana Sutta

Dhammapada 258

dhammapada 182

Dhammapada 62


Readings Key
Key to grammatical symbols used in the Pali readings.

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